The Altium Autorouter: The Best Automated PCB Routing Tool

Zachariah Peterson
|  Created: November 9, 2020
Auto-Interactive Routing Gives You More Control

Routing traces on your printed circuit board is that critical step during layout that creates the connectivity and functionality your board needs. It can also be time consuming if your design software doesn’t contain the right routing tools. Your PCB design software should include high-precision routing tools that are designed to automate many portions of the routing process. Advanced PCBs require the best PCB autorouter, and your automated routing tools should help you design PCBs with maximum efficiency.

Altium’s autoroute tools provide fully automated and semi-automated routing for any device, and they’re built on the most advanced routing algorithms. The autorouter will quickly apply routing to your PCB and connect even the most complicated boards. ActiveRoute for Altium Designers is an interactive routing feature that allows the user to take control over automated routing. You can reduce your design time and create higher quality products with the autorouter tool in Altium Designer.

ALTIUM DESIGNER

A PCB design software package with the best PCB editor and automated routing tools.

Routing is perhaps the most tedious task in the PCB design process. Experienced designers enjoy the challenge as they get to applying their creative puzzle-solving talents to create a work of art. Designers who are new to the task and those who would rather focus on other aspects of design, struggle in execution.

Thankfully, there are plenty of PCB design tools that can cut down on design time. The Altium autorouter helps PCB designers with the difficult-to-master process of dense trace routing on a PCB. It seems like a rather simple task: connect a copper line from point A to point B with your schematic capture output as a guide. Altium Designer’s PCB autoroute tools help speed up the process of trace routing in a complex circuit board. Here’s how the different routing features in Altium Designer work and how they can help you create the best new PCBs.

It All Starts With a Routing Strategy

In a real PCB, you’ll be connecting tens or hundreds of these lines between components, and fitting all of these traces on your board is a difficult task. If you want to use an autoroute PCB tool, you need to incorporate it into a larger routing strategy. You may need to route different functional blocks through different layers, or you may need to route layers sequentially. Whatever path you choose to take, you can configure these settings in the Altium autorouter.

Unlike older autorouter PCB tools, which operated in their own environment and required their own setup, the Altium autorouter is part of the rules-driven design environment in Altium Designer. Instead of spending valuable time with complex router setups and data transfers, you simply configure the autorouter PCB tool and it will route traces that satisfy your PCB design rules and constraints.

Altium Autorouter Results

The figures below show a comparison of the results when routing one layer at a time, versus distributing the routes. It is clear from these images that a relatively even distribution results in less meandering and leaving enough room for trace length tuning on all layers.

Using a PCB autoroute tool one layer at a time.

Routing one layer at a time. The first layer -green- contains 71 routes. The fourth layer, in blue, contains only 19 routes.

The routing shown above was performed sequentially, which causes one layer to fill up before the second layer. The figure below shows what happens when using the Altium autorouter on both layers simultaneously.

Altium autoroute on multiple layers simultaneously

Routing on multiple layers simultaneously, resulting in a much more even distribution of traces. Layer 1 (green) has 48 routes and Layer 4 (blue) has 44.

In the context of time to route using these two methods, routing one layer at a time took 9m19s, while routing on multiple layers together took 0m:59s. Since the printed circuit board traces will be more evenly distributed when routing on both layers simultaneously, there will be more room for trace length tuning if required. If a routing algorithm struggles to make a completion, it adjusts the costs for each additional attempt to succeed. The method of routing on multiple layers eliminates this struggle, which makes it incredibly fast.

Auto-Interactive Routing Gives You More Control

As a PCB designer, you’ve probably worked with a PCB autorouter before. You know the value of being able to complete the routing on your board much faster than what you could when routing manually. You also know though that a typical PCB autorouter typically produces results that are less than ideal and require some manual cleanup. There may be traces that are routed illogically, bus patterns that are scrambled, and the final routed results may require so much cleanup that it would have been better to manually route it all in the first place.

This is where Auto-Interactive routing provides more control over routing. You can implement nearly any routing strategy you like, rather than constraining your routing strategy to comply with the settings in your autorouter. with Altium’s ActiveRoute tool, you’ll have an advanced user-guided router that automates trace routing between different points on your board. You simply select points for a group of nets on the board, and the autorouter portion fills in the rest with cleanly routed traces that satisfy your PCB design rules and constraints.

How Auto-Interactive Routing Works

Automated routing tools allow you to route signal nets extremely quickly while still ensuring that your device obeys critical design rules. Your autorouting tools should make it easy to work with any combination of features on your circuit board, including routing through vias, across multiple boards, and with nets of differential pairs. Your automated routing tools should make pin swapping and part swapping simple while still preserving your differential pairs, controlled impedance, and conforming to your design rules.

With the ability to guide the routing path, ActiveRoute resolves one of the major problems in most PCB autorouter tools. ActiveRoute allows you to guide the path for routed traces between different points on your circuit board, which gives you more control over your layout. This will help to organize your bus routing and direct routing away from areas that are reserved for other purposes.

Screenshot of auto-interactive routing in Altium Designer

Auto-interactive routing in Altium Designer

Once you have finished routing, Altium Designer still has much more to offer. The high-quality CAD tools in Altium Designer give you the ability to visualize your board in 3D and import mechanical data into popular MCAD applications. You can visually verify your board and components will satisfy clearance constraints and that the circuit board will fit the system enclosure.

Advanced PCB Autorouter Features in Altium Designer

If you start routing directly in Altium Designer’s PCB editor, the PCB autorouter tool places traces using predefined design rules, such as trace/pad clearances and impedance tolerances. High-speed interfaces require meeting specific trace length tolerance rules, and high pin density components require pin swapping capabilities that are powerful, yet intuitive. Differential pairs need to be routed in near-perfect harmony across your PCB layout. These design tools should work together and synchronize with your predefined design rules.

Automating the routing of each signal net ensures your layout complies with your design rules and gives you a precise trace arrangement. Just because you use layout software with an autorouting tool doesn’t mean the results are set in stone. Powerful automated routing tools make it easy to adjust your layout if you ever need to swap parts, add new parts, or rearrange elements on your circuit board.

Screenshot of differential pair routing with length tuning in Altium Designer

Differential pair routing with length tuning in Altium Designer

Altium Designer Offers Unparalleled Routing Accuracy

Low-end design packages can create common routing problems due to conflicting rules settings. Not only does poor design software route traces and differential pairs incorrectly, but you also won’t even be provided with the routing features unless you purchase them as add-ons. Who wants to route every single trace by hand, check length tolerances by eye, and insert meanders manually?

Altium Designer’s unified design environment provides a PCB editor with a powerful PCB autorouter tool, the ActiveRoute module, and a host of other design features. You’ll also have access to a high-quality schematic editor, built-in simulation features, and a host of other synchronized features. These tools communicate with each other using a unified design model. This improves your workflow, catches design errors and rule violations quickly, and allows features to access information from each other.

If working with separated PCB design software programs is hampering your routing strategy, you should try working in a unified design environment. Altium Designer integrates your schematic design, routing, simulation, and rules-checking tools in a single interface. You can rest easy knowing your PCB design tools will synchronize properly, and you’ll be able to prepare deliverables for manufacturing and assembly.

Forget about routing all your traces by hand. Altium Designer and the ActiveRoute package makes it easy to define your signal nets and quickly route traces between components. You’ll have access to the best design, routing, rules checking, and simulation tools, and all within a single design environment. Make the switch to Altium Designer today!

About Author

About Author

Zachariah Peterson has an extensive technical background in academia and industry. He currently provides research, design, and marketing services to companies in the electronics industry. Prior to working in the PCB industry, he taught at Portland State University and conducted research on random laser theory, materials, and stability. His background in scientific research spans topics in nanoparticle lasers, electronic and optoelectronic semiconductor devices, environmental sensors, and stochastics. His work has been published in over a dozen peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings, and he has written 1000+ technical blogs on PCB design for a number of companies. He is a member of IEEE Photonics Society, IEEE Electronics Packaging Society, and the American Physical Society, and he currently serves on the INCITS Quantum Computing Technical Advisory Committee.

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