EBook: HDI PCB Design and Manufacturing Guide

Zachariah Peterson
|  Created: March 28, 2022  |  Updated: March 18, 2023
HDI PCB Design and Manufacturing Guide - Cover

The major trend in the electronics industry is miniaturization, where more features and more complexity are packed into a smaller footprint and less board space. High density interconnect (HDI) PCB design is the manifestation of miniaturization at the circuit board level, where smaller components and higher density force changes in design practices and manufacturing processes. HDI PCBs are heavily rules-driven, with most of the rules involved imposed by HDI manufacturing processes. Understanding and following these rules will help ensure a new product can be fabricated and assembled with a high yield.

In this e-book, readers will receive an in-depth look at HDI PCB design and the standard HDI manufacturing processes. Much of this information has been providedby Happy Holden, widely regarded as the godfather of HDI, and a the seminal textbook BGA Breakouts and Routing: Effective Design Methods for Very Large BGAs, by Charles Pfiel,  This includes an overview of the materials used in HDI PCBs and the processes used to produce them, as well as some of the constraints that impose particular rules on PCB designers. Covered topics include:

  • An overview of the important characteristics of HDI PCBs
  • The primary sets of materials used in HDI PCB stackups
  • An introduction to the design and manufacturing process for HDI boards
  • Important acceptance requirements for manufactured HDI products

Click the PDF above to read more about HDI PCB design and how to navigate the manufacturing process. You can also read the original, full-length content here:

What's Different in HDI?
Introduction to High Density Interconnects
11 HDI Materials You Need to Know
Design Basics for HDI and the HDI PCB Manufacturing Process
HDI Quality and Acceptability Requirements



  • Pfeil, C. BGA Breakouts and Routing: Effective Design Methods for Very Large BGAs. Mentor Graphics: 2010.
  • Coombs, C. F., and Holden, H. T. Printed Circuits Handbook: Seventh Edition. McGraw Hill: 2016.
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About Author

About Author

Zachariah Peterson has an extensive technical background in academia and industry. He currently provides research, design, and marketing services to companies in the electronics industry. Prior to working in the PCB industry, he taught at Portland State University and conducted research on random laser theory, materials, and stability. His background in scientific research spans topics in nanoparticle lasers, electronic and optoelectronic semiconductor devices, environmental sensors, and stochastics. His work has been published in over a dozen peer-reviewed journals and conference proceedings, and he has written 2000+ technical articles on PCB design for a number of companies. He is a member of IEEE Photonics Society, IEEE Electronics Packaging Society, American Physical Society, and the Printed Circuit Engineering Association (PCEA). He previously served as a voting member on the INCITS Quantum Computing Technical Advisory Committee working on technical standards for quantum electronics, and he currently serves on the IEEE P3186 Working Group focused on Port Interface Representing Photonic Signals Using SPICE-class Circuit Simulators.

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